Raman scattering in noble metal nanoparticles

The Raman scattering due to confined acoustic vibrations in metal particles is studied theoretically. Various coupling mechanisms between the surface plasmon–polaritons and the confined vibrations are investigated. Their relative contribution to the light scattering is discussed.We found that two mechanisms play an important role: i) modulation of the interband dielectric susceptibility via deformation potential due to pure radial vibrations and ii) modulation of the surface polarization charges by quadripolar vibrations. The dependence of the Raman spectra on the nanoparticles size and size distribution and on the excitation energy is studied in connection with the nature of the excited plasmon-polariton states. We found a good agreement between calculated line shapes and relatives intensities of the Raman bands and the experimental spectra reported in the literature.